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Understanding Bird Body Language: What Your Parrot or Your Other Bird is Trying to Tell You

Pet birds have been described by some as moody: playful and loving one minute, demanding and aloof the next. Sometimes very obvious and sometimes very subtle, a bird's body language can give you insight into what your bird needs and wants. Although parrots and other birds communicate through different body languages, the following behaviors are observed in most pet birds, some more often than others, and some more prominently than others. Observing your bird's eyes, vocalizations, wings, tail, beak, and overall posture can be very telling.

Eyes Unlike humans, birds are able to control their irises, enlarging and shrinking their pupils rapidly. This display is called "flashing" or "pinning" and birds may do this when they are excited, greatly interested in something, or when they are angry, frightened, or aggressive. Eye pinning should be taken into context with the bird's immediate environment and body posture to get an accurate emotional reading.

Vocalizations In the wild, birds use various vocalizations to warn others of danger, attract mates, protect their territory, and maintain social contacts. Most birds are highly vocal and many times may be trying to communicate with you.

Singing, talking, and whistling: These vocalizations are often signs of a happy, healthy, content bird. Some birds love an audience and sing, talk, and whistle the most when others are around. Other birds will remain quiet when others are watching.

Chattering: Chattering can be very soft or very loud. Soft chatter can be a sign of contentment or can be the practice of a bird learning to talk. Loud chatter can be an attention-getter, reminding you that she is there. In the wild, birds often chatter in the evening before going to sleep to connect with other flock members.

Purring: Not the same as a cat's purr, a bird's purr is more like a soft growl that can be a sign of contentment or a sign of annoyance. When purring, the bird's environment and other body language should be taken into consideration to determine what the bird is expressing.

Tongue-clicking: By clicking her tongue against her beak, your bird may be entertaining herself or asking to be petted or picked up.

Growling: Not heard in all pet birds, growling is an aggressive vocalization. If your bird is growling, examine her environment and remove anything that may be bothering her. Growling birds should not be handled as they do not want to be touched.

Wings Wings are not always meant for flying; they often are used to communicate.

Wings are not always meant for flyingWing flapping: Wing flapping, or flying in place, is used as exercise, to get your attention, or just display happiness. Birds may often simply lift their wings as a means to stretch or to cool themselves.

Wing flipping: Wing flipping can mean many different things such as being angry or in pain. Flipping can also be used to fluff the feathers or get the feathers to lay just right. Wing flipping accompanied by hunching of the shoulders and head bobbing is attention-getting and often means that a bird wants to be fed. Flipping may also be a mating behavior. In this case, giving attention will stimulate egg laying and should be avoided.

Wing drooping: Young birds must learn how to fold and tuck in their wings and often let their wings droop before learning this. However, in older birds, wing drooping may indicate illness. If the bird has just physically exerted herself or has recently bathed, she may let her wings droop from tiredness or to let the feathers dry.

Feathers A bird's body language includes how she holds her feathers. Ruffled feathers: Birds will ruffle or fluff their feathers during the preening process. This helps remove any dirt or feather dust, and also helps to return the feathers to their normal position. Birds may also be observed fluffing their feathers as a way to relieve tension. If cold, a bird may also fluff her feathers. Finally, if a bird's feathers remain fluffed, it could be a sign of illness and she should be checked by your veterinarian.

Crest position: Birds such as cockatoos and cockatiels have a large, expressive crest. A contented, relaxed bird will usually have the crest held back, with just the tip tilted up. If she is excited about seeing you, a new toy, food item, etc., she will often lift her crest. If, however, the crest is held very high, it indicates fear or great excitement, and should be taken as a warning. An aggressive or alarmed bird may hold the crest flat while crouching and hissing.

Quivering: Quivering may occur when the bird is frightened, overly excited, or part of breeding behavior.

Tail A bird's tail feathers, like other pets' tails, are also used to communicate.

Tail wagging: A bird, like a dog, may wag her tail to tell you that she is glad to see you. Tail wagging can also be a precursor to defecating. This is often helpful if you are trying to housetrain your bird. For more information on housetraining your bird, see the article Housetraining (Potty Training) Birds.

Tail flipping: Tail flipping is a general sign of happiness and can be seen when she is happy to see you, plays with her favorite toy, or gets a treat.

Tail bobbing: Tail bobbing accompanied by rapid breathing that follows strenuous exercise is your bird's way of catching her breath. If, however, your bird is bobbing her tail feathers and breathing hard without activity, she may be showing signs of respiratory distress or infection. If this occurs, see your veterinarian.

Tail fanning: Fanning the tail feathers often accompanies other behaviors in a show of aggression or anger. Spreading out the tail feathers is a show that displays the bird's strength and vitality.

Legs and Feet The legs and feet are not used as often as other body parts to communicate but they are some of the most interesting of bird behaviors.

Foot tapping: Some birds, especially cockatoos, will tap their feet as a sign of dominance over their territory. This usually only happens when they feel their territory is threatened.

Weak legs: Some birds that do not want to stand or perch for themselves display the sudden onset of "weak legs." This most often occurs when you have been handling them and must put them back in their cage; it is their way of resisting. Simply hold and pet the bird a while longer and, when she feels she has been given adequate attention, her legs will suddenly become strong enough to perch. Some birds become very good at this behavior and make it routine.

Hanging upside down: Some birds consider hanging upside down a natural part of their behavior. When doing this, they are happy and content with their environment.

Scratching on the cage bottom: Birds from those species who normally forage on the ground for food, like the African Grey, may scratch on the floor of the cage, much like a chicken.

Beaks and Head The beak is used for several functions other than eating. The beak is used for several functions from grooming to cracking nuts and seeds. It can be used as a weapon or to build a nest. There are also many ways a bird uses her beak to tell you things.

Grinding: Beak grinding is often a sign of contentment in birds and is heard most often as the bird falls asleep. It is characterized by the side-to-side sliding of one beak over the other. It is believed by some experts that birds grind their beaks to keep them in their best condition.

Clicking: Clicking of the beak, or the back and forth sliding of one beak tip over the other, can mean several things. If she clicks once and pins her eyes but is otherwise unthreatening, she is greeting you or acknowledging something. If she clicks several times in a series, she is giving a warning and should not be handled. Beak clicking is seen most often in cockatiels and cockatoos.

Wiping: It is common to see a bird wiping her beak after eating. Often, the bird will wipe her beak on a perch, the cage floor, or the cage sides to get it clean. Some birds use beak wiping as a way to mark their territory. This behavior may be seen in birds when introduced to others or kept in areas in which other birds are near.

Biting: Birds will bite for several reasons so it is important to observe other behaviors and the bird's immediate environment to determine the reason behind it. Defending territory, being fearful, or being angry can all cause a bird to bite. An open beak combined with a crouching position and hissing is a definite indication that the bird is prepared to bite.

Chewing: Most birds enjoy chewing and do it for many reasons including to condition their beaks and to entertain themselves. A variety of chew toys should be provided to keep your bird stimulated and interested and to keep her from chewing, and possibly ingesting, inappropriate things.

Regurgitating: Regurgitation is the expulsion of contents from the mouth, esophagus, or crop. If your bird pins her eyes, bobs her head and stretches out her neck, then regurgitates her dinner, she is showing you a great deal of affection. Birds feed their young by regurgitating food and breeding pairs often do this for each other as a part of bonding.

Mouthing: One way birds play is to grab each other's beaks and wrestle. They will often use their beaks to joust at one another during play.

Head shaking: It is very common for African Greys to shake their heads. The reason for this is not well understood.

Head bobbing: Birds who want attention, may bob their heads back and forth.

Postures Some postures have specific meaningsOverall body posture is important in determining what your bird is trying to tell you. Some postures have specific meanings; below are a few of the common bird postures.

Relaxed: If the bird has a relaxed body and her head and body are at attention, she is happy and content.

At Attention: If her head and body are at attention but her body is rigid and her feathers are flared, she is letting you know she owns that territory.

Bowing: When a bird is crouching with her head tipped downward toward you, and perhaps bobbing her head, she is asking to be petted or scratched.

Head down: If she is crouching with her head down with a relaxed body and raised wings, she is trying to attract attention, either from you or from a potential mate.

Aggressive: If a bird is crouching with her head down, eyes pinning, flared tail feathers, ruffled feathers, and a rigid body, weaving from side to side, she is giving a warning and won't hesitate to bite if provoked, even in the most minor way. If this stance is accompanied by an urgent walk toward you, it is best to get out of the way until she has time to cool off. Hissing and a raised crest may be additional clues that the bird is in an aggressive state.

Lying on back: Though probably uncommon in the wild, some pet birds will lie on their backs, and may even sleep in that position.

Elimination posture: Prior to defecating, a bird may take several steps backward, crouch, and lift her tail.

Birds use their body and body parts to communicate messages to others. These messages are sometimes very obvious and almost any animal could interpret their meaning. Other body language may be subtle and experience will be needed to interpret it correctly. Many species have their own body languages, while many body languages cross the bird-species border. Communicating with your bird by observing and interpreting her body language will make your relationship much easier and satisfying for you both.
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Have A Good Time By Hiring Bouncy Castle For Leisure

Leisure time should always be spent making memories for you to cherish in the future. In many regards, having fun is one of the staple elements of leisure. Giving your body, mind and soul an opportunity to replenish by discarding the stresses of life and just living in the moment is one sure way of making memories worthy of reminiscing in the future.

To achieve this, you should think of having a bouncy castle in your leisure time, be it a pool party, birthday party or any other occasion. Bouncing castles are one of the few truly timeless items you can have fun with. When it comes to bouncy castles, age is just a number. It does not matter whether you are young or young at heart, a bouncy castle will give you a good way get you through leisure time.

Why Is A Bouncy Castle A Must Have Item During Leisure Time?

The answer is pretty much simple. Bouncy castles are fun. There are few other items that can give you comparable fun. The versatility of the bouncy castles also makes it very easy to be used by both adults and children.

Additionally, unlike most of other fun items that you can opt to hire, bouncy castles are very portable and thus can be shipped and installed to your destination of choice. If you want to have fun in the back yard, you can have it installed in the backyard. If you want it by the poolside, you can have it there. The choice of venue and placement of the bouncy castle is your choice.

Safety Considerations To Have In Mind While Hiring A Bouncy Castle

Just as it is with the majority of the items you can have fun with, there is a need to maintain utmost caution and safety during the entire period of using bouncy castles. To this end, you should acquaint yourself with the safety precautions that users of bouncy castles need to adhere to.

#1. Playing Nice This is especially important when the primary user of the bouncy castles are children. In this regard, the children should have adult supervision at all time during the period they use the bouncy castle. The adult should ensure that the kids do not play rough, and they do not perform dangerous stunts such as somersaults.

#2. Adhere To User Restrictions These restrictions are made with the design of the bouncy castle in mind. Therefore, if a particular unit has a user restriction of children use only, this should be adhered to. If you anticipate o have adults using the castle in the leisure activities, you should consider hiring a unit that can accommodate adults.

Tips On Hiring Bouncy Castles

Among the most important tips to have in mind is the ensuring the bouncing castle you hire comes with an insurance cover. Just as it is with everything made by man, bouncy castles can fall victim to failures. Hiring a bouncy castle that is insured should give you comfort in knowing that the liability of a failure is covered.

You should also seek a bouncy castle that is sturdy with enough ground fixing pegs. It should also be clean. Although you cannot be nit-picky, you should aim to hire the best unit possible.

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The Dilute Turquoise Parrotlet: A Precious Avian Gem

Birds are some of the most popular pets around, and they're often some of the most beautiful. People who like keeping birds have always been fond of parrots, but these days an interesting subspecies called, "parrotlets" is getting popular. Some of the more exotic breeds, like the dilute turquoise parrotlet, are exceptionally attractive birds. You can find both female parrotlets for sale as well as males.

A Quick Overview Of Parrotlets

As you might guess by looking at their name, parrotlets are pint-sized cousins to the ordinary parrots you already know. Fully-grown parrotlets are basically hand-sized, rarely reaching six inches in overall length. They offer a lot of the same appealing characteristics as full-sized parrots while lacking many of their drawbacks.

Their small size makes parrotlets perfect for living in cramped conditions like small apartments. (They're also much quieter than proper parrots, a fact your neighbors will appreciate!) Parrotlets are highly trainable, capable of speech, and very well-disposed to human affection. Untrained parrotlets can be aggressive, but most breeders offering parrotlets as pets take care to accustom them to human interaction prior to sale.

Where The Dilute Turquoise Comes From

Parrotlet breeding is a growing sector of the bird-breeding business, and the main focus of the industry is cultivating the rarest and most beautiful plumage. This is what makes the dilute turquoise parrotlet special. Dilute turquoise birds are the result of a careful two-generation breeding process. The father of a dilute turquoise parrotlet has to be an American white while the mother has to be the offspring of a blue turquoise male and an American yellow female.

The extraordinary amount of effort required to breed dilute turquoise birds is justified by their exceptionally beautiful coloration. They have a milky, translucent main coat of feathers with hints of yellows, greens, and blues showing through. The parrotlets' heads are typically more colorful, having a vibrant green or yellow color with a subtle blue streak behind the eye. Owing to their exceptional parentage, dilute turquoise parrotlets virtually never occur in the wild.

Points To Consider Before Buying

While parrotlets make terrific pets for those who are just getting into birdkeeping, a dilute turquoise can be an expensive investment. Thanks to their breeding they're typically among the most expensive birds breeders offer for sale. In fact, this coloration is so rare that even unsocialized breeding examples of the strain command prices as high as those of trained pets.

If you'd like to try your hand at keeping a parrotlet, make sure you take the time to educate yourself thoroughly so that you know what you're getting into. Parrotlets can live for up to 30 years, making a dilute turquoise a long-term companion to take responsibility for. Make sure your family and your home are ready to accommodate an avian newcomer before making any buying decisions.

Keeping a parrotlet is an excellent option for anyone who wants a faithful, friendly, low-maintenance pet. Picking one as beautiful and exotic as the dilute turquoise parrotlet may cost a little more, but the stunning plumage of these birds is sure to be a constant conversation starter.

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New To Dog Training? Consider This Advice!



tips on training your dog

Dog training is something that takes a great deal of patience and dedication, but also requires that you know what to do in order to get your efforts to work. Understanding the various ways that dogs respond and how to implement training can begin with these simple dog training tips that could give you a great hand in your new adventure.

You need to reward your dog to be successful. Reward your dog with some treats right after they obey an order. By giving treats at the proper time, you'll ensure that your dog understands which behavior it's being rewarded for.

Play with your dog often. In order to train your dog efficiently, it is important to develop and nurture a bond between the two of you. Make sure you are taking the time out of your day to play with your dog. It will be fun and stress-reducing for both of you.

A dog's name should only be used when positively interacting with the animal. Call the dog's name to get him to come to your side or call his name when you are serving his dinner. Don't, however, call your dog's name when you are unhappy with his or her actions. The dog would negatively associate that with punishment.

When training your dog, use the dog's name when you want their attention. This ensures that you will have good verbal control when you go outside your home, and good verbal control is absolutely vital to responsible pet ownership. Never call your dog to you in order to dish out punishment, as this will create a negative connection.

Reinforce desirable behavior from your dog. Don't just rely on treats though. You can reinforce these behaviors through positive attention as well. Petting your dog and talking to him in cheerful tones can be a good incentive too. So can a new squeaky toy or a trip to the park.

Try to schedule each training session at roughly the same time each day. You want your dog to get into a pattern where he know's it's coming and is excited for it. If your dog is excited for it he's much more likely to succeed, just as if humans are excited for something they're more likely to succeed.

Start training your dog early. Many people believe that very young puppies are too young to learn. The reality is that even puppies as young as six weeks old are able to begin the basics of training, and starting early ensures that your puppy will have a strong foundation for more advanced training later.

Calling your dog by name is one of the most powerful tools you have in your dog training arsenal. Every time you use your dog's name, you reinforce a positive relationship between yourself and your pet. The more you use your dog's name, the more you reinforce a positive relationship between the two of you.

When you are training your dog with a leash, try to ensure that the leash is loose. When dogs are going for a walk, they will often want to check out new territory. Eager dogs will begin to put some strain on their leashes. To discourage this behavior, encourage your dog to walk beside you with a leash that has some slack.

Only give commands you are prepared to follow through with, or the dog will learn that it is all right to ignore you. If you give the command to sit, the dog must sit immediately or you will enforce the command with a finger pushing down on the lower back. Never give a command and allow the dog to choose whether to obey you or not unless you want to let the dog be the one in charge.

A good dog training tip is to hire a pet sitter to watch your dogs when you're going on vacation, instead of leaving them in a kennel. Kennels are a terrible place to leave your dog when you're away. In kennels, animals are often neglected and it's not uncommon for them to become ill.

A good tip is to get a breed of dog that matches your lifestyle. If you have kids, you'll want a breed that's good with kids. Chihuahuas have become really popular over the years and many families have started buying them. They aren't great with kids however, and a lot of them are being left in shelters.

Positive reinforcement is the proven key to success in dog training. Figure out what reward will motivate your pet and use it. Strong smelling meats and cheese are usually very popular. It is imperative to always have treats handy when training. However, it is equally important to watch the caloric intake.

The best way to potty train a new puppy is to pay attention! Keep your puppy where you can see him always. If you notice him sniffing around or starting to circle, quickly pick him up and take him outside. These are signs that he is ready to go potty.

A great way to potty-train your puppy is to crate-train it. A dog won't potty where it sleeps, so keep the puppy in his crate and let him out for a potty break at regular intervals and he will go. Eventually, your pup will learn that bathroom time is outdoor time. This type of training also prevents a lot of accidents.

Do not issue a command to your dog that involves two words that do not go together. For example, telling your pet to "sit down" does not make sense; either tell him to "sit" or ask him to get "down." Using contrary phrases delays the training process because your dog does not understand what to do.

If you want your dog to be on his best behavior, you have to learn and understand the many dog training techniques that really work. These tips are just a start to a wonderful new world of strategies that could be used for optimal results in dog training on your own.

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Where Do All The Different Kinds Of Music Come From?

On the one hand, all the peoples of the world have our humanity in common, but on the other our cultures have huge differences. On the subject of music, for example, there are major differences between East and West. Not only the structure, but the emotional appeal of the music seems to be different, which could possibly be affected by various climatic or societal differences. I suppose it stands to reason that a simple thing like a hot or cold ambient temperature will change the music,for instance, both in the way it's produced and also what it's designed to do.

It's intriguing, but the effect of temperature seems to have the opposite effect than one would assume. You would think that people would want to dance around in cold climates and so the music would be lively, and that's true in some cases. However, it's also true in South America and Africa, so it's not a hard and fast rule. Perhaps that's too simplistic, the idea that people living in cold countries would want to dance to get warm!

Possibly the biggest difference between music from different cultures is the timing. Blues music is a special case and it's development is interesting to follow. Of course, it came from Africa, because that's where the early slaves came from. We would expect the rhythm to be very strong and reflect the drum beat of that continent. This was indeed the case. In the slave era of the Deep South, drums were actually banned because the plantation owners didn't want to encourage any activity that raised the spirits and encouraged thoughts of freedom. This is probably why the monotonic thumb guitar strike became common - when the strike is damped off with the hand, it sounds much like a drum beat.



Checkout www.play-blues-guitar.eu

Although the rhythm is very strong, which reflects the African musical roots, the structure of the music is much simpler for some reason. African chants and even modern guitar music has a much more complex arrangement, with a kind of syncopation that sounds strange to our Western ears. Lyrics are very musical with lots of intonation and the lines of verse often start on the off beat, or in places we wouldn't normally expect.

The structure of music from varous parts of the globe is a fascinating subject and it would be very interesting to try and tabulate what are the factors affecting both the tonality and rhythm. It's a subject that has endless paths, from the rich and complex multi-instrumental symphonies of the European countries, to the whistle language used in some cuntries to communicate over relatively long distances in an urban environment.

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A Coastal Getaway Company Gives Financial Freedom

Why not use local Travel Agencies to find lodgings and onward travel to your desired destination airport, you will see lots of different local Vacation offers that will enable you to save on your cash and instead spend it shopping at thosel native local shops. Wether it be in the heart of the UK in historic Leicester or you could take a short journey using Loughborough Taxis to ferry you over to the market town of Loughborough famous for its ancient food market, Tailors Bell Foundry and a visit to the Great Central Railway which is also highly recommended.

But what about being on the other side of things and offering such breaks to others. Many people dream of spending hours on the beach lying in the sun without any fears on their mind. Sadly, most individuals simply can not pay for a seaside getaway and much more will not get the holiday time from their employers.

Owning a coastal getaway company offers these dreamers an opportunity to soak in the sun and offer other the chance to do so. A coastal trip company can provide a method for some to reach their individual and financial goals.

A seaside holiday business begins with an entrepreneur's spirit. The franchisee's inspiration for owning a seaside holiday business have to offer more than a chance for an excellent coastal trip.

Unless the person purchasing a franchise realizes they will need to work hard, business will fail within five years.

A coastal holiday business enables franchise owners to work at house, allowing them more time to spend with their household and take coastal vacations when they desire. Among the fastest growing sector of businesses, house based companies offer the franchise owner personal liberty.

Just how much money the franchise owner will make depends upon the aspiration, ability and devotion of the franchise owner with the coastal trip business.

The franchise owner must understand the capacity of a coastal trip company. A lot of families wish to take a coastal trip.

The franchise owner satisfies this desire by offering affordable family getaway bundles. The franchise owner's seaside trip company prospers by satisfying the family's requirements.

The coastal vacation business franchise owner need to bear in mind that different families want various trips. Many households dream of inexpensive Hawaiian trips will some desire a Texas trip package.

No matter what kind of seaside trip a household wants, the seaside trip company owner need to provide.

Owners of a seaside getaway business can make the most of a coastal holiday call center. Employees of the call center take the seaside trip entrepreneur's leads and close the sale, giving the household that best coastal getaway opportunity.

When franchise owners utilize the call center, they get an expert sales force at their fingertips.

The owners of a seaside holiday company understand the workers of the seaside call center will not steal their company. The coastal call center representative will request for the coastal vacation entrepreneur's individual sales number so they get credit for the sale.

This represents the best way to sell coastal trips.

Using a seaside call center indicates to prospective customer that the owner of the coastal vacation company runs a professional company.

Consumers will shy away from a coastal holiday business promoting a seaside getaway with a pen, a piece of paper and a cheesy sales pitch (how often work people receive this type of pitch!). Preparation, understanding and professionalism equivalent success for the franchise owner.

Making use of a coastal call center minimizes the problem of closing sales for coastal holiday entrepreneur but the obligation of business still lies with the franchise owner.

Unless the franchise owner prospects for customers who want to take coastal holidays, the call center will not receive lead to close.

Recognize possible clients by searching for anyone who enjoys to take a trip or someone who wants to escape everything. A good seaside holiday business owner realized nearly everybody represents a prospective client.

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Improving Your Game With These Easy Poker Tips

Intrigued by the idea of playing poker online? You are not alone. More and more people are now playing poker online. It is simply amazing to see how popular online poker has become. Studies even show that it is threatening to take over the industry that for so many years now brick-and-mortar casinos had monopoly over.

Do not be afraid to join the game simply because you are just a beginner. There are poker tips which will help ease your entry into the wonderful and exciting world of this game. When you are ready to play for real you can get some great betonline bonuses here to get you off to a good start.

Poker is a game that does not depend purely on luck. To do well in the game, you have to have some strategies up your sleeve. Fortunately, there are some tips that will steer you in the right direction. Beginners in the game have discovered that by simply using these tips they were able to improve their game immediately.

1. Stick with premium hands UTG, expanding hand selection when in late position.

Beginners are too often tempted to play too many hands early in the game. Change this strategy. Stay with premium hands like AK, QQ, KK, and AA in early position UTG or under the gun. This way, you avoid putting yourself in a difficult position when it is time for flop, turn, and river. When in late position, particularly on the button, you have the chance for expanding your pre-flop selection with hands the likes of suited connectors, as well as other pocket pairs, provided that you face no raise.

2. Cultivate an I dont care attitude.

Do not get too emotional over wins or losses. Emotions tend to unsettle your game. Do not get too high such that you lose focus, or too low that it wears you off mentally. Just think about each game as it comes and do your best. Do your best at every game. You may still have some losses. But in the end, a focused solid play always works to your advantage.

3. Look for soft games.

If you are just a beginner, stay away from games filled with professional players. You hardly have a chance against the practiced, skillful, and cunning pros. Join poker rooms where there are a lot of greenhorns like you. Sharpen your skills here first before venturing into deeper waters. 4. Keenly observe your opponents.

Be attentive. Focus. Try to study the betting patterns of your opponents, as well their body language. These telltale sign can help you plan your game.

5. Be aggressive with your big hands.

When you hit big hands again and again, poker is easy. There are many players, however, who fail to use their big hands to their greatest advantage. If you have the nuts, betting $30 into a pot worth $150 just does not cut it. Exploit your big hand. Wager closer to the pots size. If you get called on the flop, and again on the turn, place a big bet on the river, if you have the nuts. Do not bet small, anticipating a call. Your opponent may fold on your big bet, but more often than not, you will get called.

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Miele Vacuum Cleaners: An Option That Should Not Be Ignored

The availability of different brands with varied features is not only good for expanding the market of that product but also gives customers more option to choose from. The market for vacuum cleaners is no different. There are several brands, each carrying multiple features and benefits all of which promise more comfort of use, convenience and most importantly, a cleaner home or office. Miele vacuum cleaners are one of the most important internationally-acclaimed players in the market with thousands of satisfied customers under its belt.

There are two primary reasons why this brand has made such a positive impact with users. They are: the technology behind the machines and the work efficiency, a by-product of the superior technology used. Research shows that Miele vacuum cleaners have highest rating in terms of performance.

In case you are thinking of purchasing one of the brands from this Germany-based company, here is some useful information aimed to help you make the big purchase:
- You need to buy Miele vacuum bags which can replace the old and used bag. A good idea is to buy and store several bags so that you have one ready at the time of need.

- All their brands are pre-tested before sales. Their durability is legendary.

- There are several models of their upright vacuum cleaners. The machine is equipped with a 1200-watt motor which promises rigorous and consistent ability to suck out dirt and dust. The machines can be used on any kind of surface including carpets, furniture, rugs, curtains and other upholstery items. The motor and air filter used in these upright machines ensure that the accumulated dust remain within the vacuum self-sealing bags and does not fly around. The tools and accessories supplied with the original machine are suitable for every possible cleaning corner of the house.

- The company also manufactures canister vacuum cleaners. There are about 3 series available of this type and each series has several models. Portability, superior suction capacity backed by a powerful mote is reason why these machines have become so popular. These machines are capable of removing pet dirt and hair, etc very fast and the cleaning bags ensure that not a single speck of dust escapes into the air. If a more compact yet strong vacuum cleaner is in your wish list, then this product would be best for you.

- Mini upright and stick vacuum cleaners are portable and most convenient to use. Fitted with a 1000-watt motor, they are equipped with HEPA filtering system, requisite tools and accessories as well as a wand. All these features make house cleaning pleasant and free from any kind of stress or hassle.

Let us face it we do not buy vacuum cleaners every day or even every year. Therefore, we need a machine that will not only work efficiently and deliver what it promises but in case something goes wrong you should be able to contact an efficient and understanding Customer Care representative to set things right. While there are plenty of brands available in the market, not many companies provide good customers services with after-sales-care. Therefore, when you want to invest in a consumer durable like a vacuum cleaner, you need to take special notice of what they have to offer not just before they sell, but also later.

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A Few Unnoticed Factors That Prevent You From Singing Better

Its such a huge blessing if you know how to sing well. Millions of people in the world are left with an unfulfilled dream to sing their favorite like it is meant to be sung. Some people are naturally gifted with a great voice but they dont pay much attention to improving their voice or keeping it in good condition. Sometimes, you have a great voice but you cant sing a song the way you want to because you are doing a few things wrong. These things go unnoticed and you are never able to find out whats causing your voice to be so unimpressive.

A few things that are preventing you from singing better are directly related to your voice whereas some are more related to how you practice. The most important thing if you want to sing like professionals is to practice like them. Whether you play an instrument or not, it is best that you sing with a beat or basic metronome. This gives you a great idea of singing while maintaining the correct timing. When you dont use the metronome you are either singing some parts too long or too short, killing the feelings of the song.

Another problem that people often dont realize about their singing is the loudness of their voice. If you are singing most of your songs in a whispering voice, you will not know how to sing the same songs with a loud voice. Try to sing your songs with a loud voice. Continuous singing within your comfort zone is also a factor that contributes to unimpressive singing. It is best that you sing songs that you can sing comfortably but it does not mean that you cant sing songs that lie outside your comfort zone.

Singing with headphones on is something that a lot of people dont realize destroys their singing. If you really like the idea of matching your voice with your favorite singer, it is best that you do that with earphone in just one of your ears. You are often unaware of the fact that when you have both the earphones in your ears you are not able to hear your voice and your voice is actually not matching the song. You might be singing completely out of tune and differently from the actual singer but you wont realize it because you cant hear your voice with headphones on.

Cold stuff can have a bad impact on your voice. You know things contract when they are cold and expand when they are hot. You would want your vocal cords to expand if you want to make a powerful voice from your mouth. If you keep on eating cold stuff you would eventually hurt your throat permanently and this will have a big effect on your voice. It does not mean that you should start eating hot things from now on. Keep your drinks and water at room temperature or only moderately cold so your voice is not affected.

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Learning How To Play Guitar Has Changed Completely

Guitar playing has become the easiest and most affordable musical hobby this past decade. Learning how to play guitar has evolved from being a pre-requisite skill for future rock stars to a simple entertaining hobby that anyone can learn. Gone are the days when one would have to sign up for expensive one-on-one guitar lessons.

There is no need to actually go to music shops to buy the perfect practice guitar anymore. One can learn how to play the guitar at the comfort of their own homes, without having to spend a considerable amount of money.

It is easier to get guitars In the years before the advancement of the Internet, an aspiring guitar player would have to ask people who already play guitar about the best places to find one. Either that, or one has to watch out for ones favorite guitarists tell-all interview about their favorite guitar brands. People had to go to guitar shops to choose the best beginners guitar.

Today, owning a guitar just takes a few Google searches. One would simply type best beginners guitar on a search engine, and one will get reviews from thousands of people. One can choose freely, depending on their taste and budget, without the pressure of the shop owner blabbering about size, quality, and material things that beginners dont know anything about.

It is more convenient to find guitar instructors To learn how to play guitar in the past, one would have to find a patient guitar-playing friend to help, or sign-up for formal guitar lessons. Guitar courses and private lessons were costly and has to be scheduled. Now, anybody who wants to learn how to play guitar can check out the online guitar lessons reviews that will help them pick the most appropriate style of teaching for them, and the most convenient style of delivery of the lessons, most of which are video tutorials. Visit Guitarbrief.com for more info.

The basics of guitar playing can now be learned at the convenience of ones home. One doesn't have to worry about the extent of the instructors patience, because one can just download the video and replay it multiple times until one learns a chord. Online video tutorials made learning guitar playing easy, convenient, and best of all, free.

Sample music pieces are always available In the past, to successfully play a song, one would have to do one of the following:

a) Play a song hundreds of times in an attempt to learn the chords and play by ear, b) Find a friend who knows the song and have him or her share the chords, or c) Wait for the next issue of guitar magazines and pray that the song is there with chords above the lyrics.

Today, one simply has to search for the practice song and millions of results would come up, displaying different styles of playing the guitar part. One can also correct mistakes more easily now because of music-making software available online.

Learning how to play guitar has completely changed because of the Internet. The availability of several types of learning mediums in the Internet has turned it into a hobby that everybody can learn in their spare time.

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Looking After The Freshwater Guppy

Guppies are perhaps the most popular kind of freshwater fish to keep in a fish tank. Fortunately, they are fairly easy to keep. Guppies are sturdy fish that can adapt easily to small variations in water quality. Do not permit these variations to become typical practice though, as they do trigger some stress to the fish.

The water temperature in a fish tank for guppies must be kept between seventy two and eighty two degrees. An aquarist should always check their aquarium heater for accuracy and not assume that because it is set at 78°F, it will stay at 78°F. It is not un-common for even the best of the pre-set heaters to be off from their pre-settings by a few degrees. So for instance if your pre-setting takes a setting of 76°F to maintain 78°F, you should use the setting of 76°F if you want 78°F. Check out here for the latest submersible aquarium heater to appear on the market.

The P.H. level need to be kept between 7.0 and 8.2.

As you can see these requirements are a lot more forgiving than those for specific tropical or marine fish. Guppies grow rapidly and typically just grow to be about one and a half to two inches long. There small bodies and feathery fan like tails add a lot of interest to the tank. They are simply fun to watch.

Just like any type of aquarium, there are 3 fundamental components to taking care of the fish. Diet is extremely important. Guppies should be fed extremely small amounts as frequently as 3 times a day. Guppies will consume practically anything, however their main diet ought to include flake or frozen foods. This ought to be specifically regarded when there are baby guppies in the tank, since guppies will consume their young. The next most important function to caring for any fish is proper water policy. The particular temperatures are listed above, however it is likewise essential making regular water modifications. Typically every 1 to 2 weeks. An excellent indication that it is time to change the water is when the water begins to smell or become cloudy. If water modifications are made gradually, limiting modification around one third of the tank at a time, then there is little disruption made to the fish.

Last on the list for keeping fish healthy, is to keep them happy. Aim to recreate their natural environment. It is suggested to keep a range of plants in the aquarium for guppies to look for sanctuary. There should be about 1 to 2 inches of substrate in the bottom of the tank. Colored rock or dead crushed coral make a good addition to the fish tank, and may help making the fish feel more at home.

A couple of varieties of guppies are the Fantail, Flagtail, Spadetail, Deltatail and the Roundtail. The names of all these different types of guppies concentrate on the tails since they are so amazing and unique. The tail itself is normally about one third of the size of the entire fish. It is possible to blend guppies with other varieties of fish. Nevertheless be careful when mixing because, guppies are targeted as easy victim due to those elegant tails. Guppies reproduce extremely rapidly, usually about every 3 to 4 weeks. They will interbreed amongst themselves, so the fish tank could very rapidly become starved of various varieties of color. It is very practical to have an attractive aquarium without having other fish at all. Just keep them in separate tanks if you do not want the species to interbreed.

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What Are The Best Kids Toys For Christmas Presents?

The holidays are just around the corner. You can feel it in the air. People are getting ready to prepare for the most-awaited season. It is Christmas time once again a time for gift-giving and merry-making. However, Christmas gifts for young children do not have to be expensive. You can buy kids toys that are fun, educational, and inexpensive. After all, it is the thought that truly counts.

You can get your children enjoyable audio for Christmas, as long as they are old enough to use a tablet, mp3 player, or computer. They would surely appreciate your gift since it will let them listen to their favorite music. It would also let them play games more easily as well as enjoy their favorite videos without bothering the other people in your household. They can listen to music, play online games, or watch movies in peace and quiet. This is great because you will get to have a good nights sleep and your children can stay up late without being a nuisance to anyone. Well, you can let them do that on the weekends and during Christmas break, at least.

Choose colors that you know your children would love. You can also buy Bluetooth speakers or portable USB speakers that they can plug into their electronics so they can share music and videos when they visit their friends or cousins. You can also purchase musical instrument cables to let your children plug their keyboards into amplifiers. Similarly, you can get patch cables that offer a way to hook effects pedals into the next one without wasting instrumental cables. These electronic toys are modern and perfect for teaching children about technology.

Craft supplies and handmade toys also make the best kids toys for Christmas presents . You can give your child some art and craft supplies to help develop their imagination. Inspire them further by showing them a handmade toy as a sample. These items can help young children express their artistic side and creativity better. You can give them safety scissors, glue sticks, and construction papers to help them enjoy hours of creative playtime. If your child is a tween or teenager, they may not be able to appreciate kids toys as much as they did in the past years.

If this is the case, you may want to give them accessory kits that include elastic cording and beads. This way, they would have the means to create their own jewelry while helping them develop creativity at the same time. You can even encourage them to give away the accessories that they made to friends and family members. If they are good at it, perhaps they can even turn it into a small business. This would also encourage them to develop basic business skills that they can use in the future.



Of course, you can always turn to classic kids toys such as wooden tray puzzles. These timeless pieces are a best-seller during the Christmas season. There are puzzles for every age. Puzzles are also mostly gender-neutral, so you can give them away to boys and girls. However, there are puzzle designs that are for either boys or girls, so you may also want to check those out. These toys are educational, affordable, and fun to play with.

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Amazon Has Many Coloring Books For Adults

Do you think you're too old for coloring? Well, think again! Coloring books are a big trend these days, and many grownups are now buying their own copies of Amazon coloring books for adults. Coloring has a de-stressing effect, that when we tend to focus on a particular activity, we tend to think less about our worries and concerns. Coloring has many benefits and is a great way to give relief to a stressful and hard day. It brings out your imagination, creativity and takes you back to your childhood days, a certain period in which we had a lot less stress.

Coloring refreshes your senses and parts of your brain that develops your imagination and creativity skills. It can also help improve your concentration and enhance attention to detail, and helps to promote coordination. Especially hand eye coordination.

Adults should never stop enjoying this relaxing activity. Coloring has so many benefits as we age. Coloring also is an excellent way to help you reduce any feelings of stress, reducing levels of anxiety and worry, and improving memory by reducing forgetfulness.

By focusing on what you are doing, all of your worries and other thoughts will be out of your mind even if its just for a little time. Coloring allows you to escape for awhile. Coloring is an activity that can be very rewarding for adults, while allowing them to feel relaxed and stress free.

With all of the advances in technology today, we tend to constantly be exposed to excessive external stimulation from television, cell phones, computers and more. This definitely leads to increased cortisol and stress levels. Cortisol is known as the stress hormone. When you are worried, you stimulate its production. But when you are busy coloring you reduce external stimulation, which also reduces stress. Coloring is one of the best, easiest, and fastest ways to relieve stress.

When you are coloring, it feels so good to see your work done. The color that you have added to bring a black and white line drawing to life can have a profound effect on your physiology. So both the process of coloring, and the end result provide many physical, mental, and emotional benefits. You dont need to be a professional artist to color beautifully; all you need is a little imagination, a few spare moments, and a desire to have some fun!

So go, and get your own copy now! Have fun coloring these amazing Amazon coloring books for adults. Check out the YouTube video below to get a look inside an adult coloring book…



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Best Way to Conduct Crop Propagation for your Organic Garden

In the beginning as new farmer, one may tend to trust commercial organic seeds or seedling. However, at some point there is that irreplaceable need to germinate our own seedling at least to ensure that it is done the right way and organically. This presents a dilemma, as plant propagation is something one learns and perfects with time. If you have reached this point s a farmer, we have some tips to make your journey smooth. Plant propagation is the intentional production of new crops using various starter components such as organs or tissues (seeds & stems). It is majorly used in production of seedling or clones for outplanting in the garden.

The most common method involves the use of seeds but root and stem cuttings may be utilized. Propagation is safer, faster, and cheaper compared to growing from seeds; especially if there is a healthy plant. This is another secret technique to utilize in your organic garden. It is necessary to note that you will still need your wasp trap as even propagated crops require pest control. The plants also need insects for their obvious benefits, so we recommend that you keep your bug hotel. The outdoor rabbit hutch plans will still come in handy, you will still need a good hutch because weed control is still needed, so your pet rabbits still have a source of food.

The process of plant propagation presents an opportunity to reduce farming costs and an assured organic quality with some simple steps.

It takes six weeks to grow a tomato seedling to transplanting size, but you can root a stem tip cutting in half that time. With plant propagation, you can multiply one petunia or coleus into several happy plants, and it will cost you nothing to start a new planting of grapes by sticking pruned branches into a bed of moist soil.

No special equipment is needed to become an accomplished plant propagator, though it helps to carry a spirit of adventure into each new project, because each species responds differently to various techniques, and plant propagation often involves a serious injury or near-death event followed by recovery. Plants that are easy to propagate know how to handle this unnatural disaster.

Sourced from: http://www.motherearthnews.com/organic-gardening/plant-propagation-zmaz08amzmcc.aspx

There are two methods of plant propagation; sexual and vegetative propagation. You can utilize any of these methods depending on your farming needs.

1. Sexual propagation

It is with the use of seed or spore that is separated from the parent plant. This method is so termed "sexual" because there is the involvement of the sexes, referring to the contribution of both the male and female gametes in the production of new plants.

The propagated plant therefore has a genotype, which results from combining those, which originate from the parental sources of male and female gametes. Consequently, the resulting plant may exhibit either, or somewhat different, or a combination of parental characteristics.

The young plant that is produced from seed is called seedling while clonal seedling or simply clone is used for that which is vegetatively produced.

It does not mean, however, that all plants, which are propagated by seed, are sexually reproduced. There are some exceptions, notably the hawkweed (Hieracium sp.) and farm crops like mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) which produce apomictic seeds. Apomixis is the production of seeds without sexual union. It also occurs in citrus, lanzones, and polyembryonic mango.

2. Asexual propagation

It is also called vegetative propagation, is with the use of planting materials, which are vegetative parts of any plant rather than seeds or spores, which are reproductive parts. In most techniques, the propagule is separated first from the parent plant and treated to induce regeneration or otherwise directly planted.

Asexual or vegetative propagation does not involve the union of the male and female gametes. Both meiosis and fertilization are not required in the production of propagules and new plants. Plant propagation involves the use of propagating materials consisting of plant parts, which develop through mitotic cell division. As a result, the new plants, called clones, are genotypic duplicates of the mother plants.

With the inclusion of apomictic seeds, the following vegetative plant organs are used in natural asexual propagation: bulb and bulblet, clove, corm and cormel, tuber and tubercle, rhizome, stolon, slip, sucker, crown and plantlet

Sourced from: http://www.cropsreview.com/plant-propagation.html

The following is a simple general guide for plant propagation for any farmer: Step 1

To sow the seeds, fill a flat with moist seed-starting medium. the medium and use a ruler or piece of lath to press shallow rows about 1/4 inch deep and 2 inches apart.

Step 2

Sprinkle seeds into the depressions. Space seeds about 1/2 inch apart. If planted too closely, the seedlings will be more difficult to separate at transplant time. Label each row to identify the variety planted

Step 3

Once all rows are planted, gently scatter more of the seed-starting medium to cover the seeds (unless the packet specifies leaving seeds uncovered). Water the surface with a gentle mist and cover the flat with a plastic dome or sheet of clear plastic to maintain moisture.

Some seeds germinate best in cool soil, and others in warm; check the seed packet for temperature requirements. If the seeds demand warmth, place the flat near a heat vent or on an electric heat mat to warm the soil. Watch daily for emerging seedlings, and as soon as they appear, remove the plastic cover and move the flat to a sunny window or grow lights. At this point, many types of seedlings prefer cool growing temperatures around 65ºF.

Step 4

When seedlings have grown their second set of leaves, they are ready to be transplanted to individual containers. Use a chopstick or letter opener to lift and loosen the soil beneath a row of seedlings. Gently tug the seedlings apart. Hold the seedlings by their leaves instead of their stems, which are more easily damaged by rough handling. Do not worry if some roots are torn in the process, or if most of the potting mix falls away from the roots.

Step 5

Add some potting mix to the bottom of a container (for the tomato seedlings shown, we are using 3-inch-square pots). Center the seedling in the pot, then add more soil to fill.

Step 6

Press lightly to firm the soil around the roots.

Step 7

Using a rose on the watering can soak thoroughly

Sourced from: http://www.rodalesorganiclife.com/garden/starting-seeds
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